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Golf - Terminologies

Golf is a sport that is increasing in popularity.  This is more true for Asian countries with many great golfers coming from Korea, Japan, and China.  Golf is also great because it is a sport for all ages and both genders.  In this lesson, we will cover all the things you need to know to have a great conversation about golf.

Before we start, let's cover some terminologies and equipment

Iron set - A typical set of irons consist of a pitching wedge and 3 through 9 irons
5 wood - Fairway wood designed to hit the ball a little farther than the 3 iron
3 wood - Fairway wood designed to hit the ball a little farther than the 5 wood
Driver - The club used to hit the ball the farthest off the Tee
Putter - The club used to putt the ball in the cup

Tee box - The place where you hit your first shot
Fairway - The short grass area in the middle
Rough - Taller grass next to the fairway that is not in the middle
Green - The area where the hole is and where you putt the ball.

Par 3 - Short holes where it should take 3 shots to get in the cup
Par 4 - Middle length holes where it should take 4 shots
Par 5 - Long holes where it should take 5 shots

Hole in one - When the ball goes in the cup on the first hit.  Usually only on par 3's.
Double Eagle - Ball goes in the cup after hitting the ball twice on a par 5.  3 under par
Eagle - Ball goes in the cup after hitting the ball 3 times on a par 5 or 2 times on a par 4.  2 under par
Birdie - Reaching the hole at one under par.  So on a par 3, you reached the cup in 2, par 4, you reached in 3, and par 5, you reached in 4.
Par - When you put the ball in the cup in the number specified by the par.  Par 3, in three, par 4 in four shots, and par 5 in five shots
Bogey - Using one extra shot to reach the cup.  For example, on a par 4, you used 5 shots to get in the cup.
Double bogey - 2 over par
Triple bogey - 3 over par
Quadruple bogey - 4 over par
Etc.

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